What crops are most affected by drought?
Most specialty crops (such as fruits, vegetables, tree nuts, and medicinal herbs) are more vulnerable to drought than field crops and have a higher value per unit of land/water. They may therefore represent a higher risk for experiencing economic loss in drought if the crop water demand exceeds water supply.
How does US crop insurance work?
Under the contract, the insured farmer agrees to insure all the eligible acreage of a crop planted in a particular county. This choice is made county by county and crop by crop. All eligible acreage must be insured to reduce the potential for adverse selection against the insurance provider.
Which crop is most sensitive to drought?
Globally, wheat is more vulnerable to droughts than maize, rice and soybeans, as indicated by the higher magnitude of yield loss probability under the four categories of droughts (i.e. moderate, severe, extreme and exceptional droughts).
Which crops are mainly grown in drought prone areas?
Staple food crops like sorghum, cassava, sweet potato, pearl millet, cowpea and groundnut are naturally more drought-tolerant than maize.
What crops are most affected by climate change?
From staple crops like potatoes and maize, to cash crops for wealthier customers like cocoa and coffee, climate change is having widespread impacts on global agricultural production. There is growing consensus that climate change is already affecting crop yields and food security, but not all crops are equally at risk.
How does drought affect crop yield?
The depletion of water availability in soils causes significant declines in crops and livestock productivity. In addition, surface and groundwater supplies may decline during drought, affecting water availability and increasing costs to access water for crop or forage irrigation and watering livestock.